Lectures

Introduction to Philosophy

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Week

Lecture

Readings

Part 1: Introduction

1

The Socratic Way

Notes

Slides

Methods and Interests 

Notes

Slides

 

2

Test case 1: The Argument for God from Design 

Notes

Slides

4Hume, D. (1779) Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Part 2

2K. E. Himma (2006) 'The Design Arguments for God' 1

Test case 1: The Argument against God from Evil

Notes

Slides

3Hume, D. (1779) Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion [198]

1Beebe, J. R. (2006) 'The Logical Problem of Evil (1-4)'

Part 2: Epistemology

3

Knowledge

Notes

Slides

2Gettier, E. (1963) 'True, Justified Belief'

1Truncellito, D. (2007) 'Epistemology' (1, 2, 3)

Platonic Idealism

Notes

Slides

5Plato Republic Bk VII (514-518), 4Bk V (474-480)

3Janaway, C. (1995) 'The Presocratics and Plato'

4

Aristotelian Realism Notes Slides

3Aristotle Posterior Analytics II, 19

2Robin Smith (2007) 'Aristotle's Logic' 6, 8

Varieties of Skepticism

Notes

Slides

4Descartes (1641) Meditations on First Philosophy (1 and 2)

1Justin Skirry (2008) 'Rene Descartes' 2, 3, 4

Part 3: Science

5

The Problem of Induction

Notes

Slides

5Hume, D. (1740) Treatise on Human Nature (Book I, Part iii, Section vi.)

3Thornton (2009) 'Karl Popper' 3

1Vickers (2010) 'The Problem of Induction' 2

Laws of Nature

Notes

Slides

2Swartz (2009) 'Laws of Nature' 2, 3, 4a, 5a, b'
4Carroll (2010) 'Laws of Nature' 1, 2, 3

6

Scientific Explanations

Notes

Slides

1Randolph Mayes (2005) Theories of Explanation' 1, 2, 3

Theories and the World

Notes

Slides

2Chakravartty (2011) Scientific Realism' 2, 3

Part 4: The Mind

7

Cartesian Dualism

Notes

Slides

3Descartes (1641) 'Meditation 6' from Meditations on First Philosophy

2Calef (2006) 'Dualism and Mind' (sections 3 and 7)

Behaviourism

Notes

Slides

4Extract from Gilbert Ryle (1949) The Concept of Mind

1Hauser (2005) 'Behaviorism' 1 b i, ii, ii; 2

8

Causal Role Functionalism

Notes

Slides

1Polger, T.W. (2008) 'Functionalism'

2Searle, J. (1980) 'Minds, Brains, and Programs'

Computationalism

Notes

Slides

Part 5: Ethics

9

About Ethics Notes

Slides

3Hume, D. (1740) Treatise on Human Nature (III, i, i.)

2Sayre-McCord, G. (2007) 'Metaethics' (2, 3, 4)  

Utilitarianism

Notes

Slides

4Mill, J. S. (1863) Utilitarianism ch. 2 (too long)

1Heydt, C. (2006) 'Mill: An Overview' (section 2d)

10

Kantian Ethics Notes

Slides

4Kant, I. (1785) Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (Sec 1)

2Sayre-McCord, G. (2000) 'Kant's Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals'

Virtue Notes

Slides

3Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (Bk 1)

1Athanassoulis (2006) 'Virtue Ethics'

Part 6: The Self

11

Personal Identity

Notes

Slides

3Hume, D. (1740) A Treatise of Human Nature. Book III, Appendix

2Korfmacher, C. (2006) 'Personal Identity' (sections 2a, c, d, and 3a)

Free Will

Notes

Slides

4Frankfurt, H. (1971) 'Free Will and the Concept of a Person'

1Kimpe, K. (2006) 'Free Will' (section 3)

12

Authenticity

Notes

Slides

3Sartre, J.-P. (1946) 'Existentialism is a Humanism'
2Warnock, M. (1970) 'Jean-Paul Sartre (1)' from Existentialism  
The Meaning of Life

Notes

Slides

1Nagel, T. (1970) 'The Absurd'

4Thaddeus Metz, (2007) 'The Meaning of Life'

 


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