Lectures

Introduction to Philosophy

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Week

Lecture

Readings

Introduction

1

Introduction - The Socratic Way

Notes

Slides

Introduction - Methods and Interests 

Notes

Slides

 

Part 1: Argument

2

Deductive Arguments

Notes

Slides

Test case 1: The Problem of Evil

Notes

Slides

2Hume, D. (1779) Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion [198]

1Beebe, J. R. (2006) 'The Logical Problem of Evil (1-4)'

3

Inductive Arguments 

Notes

Slides

 
Test case 2: The Argument from Design for God 

Notes

Slides

4Hume, D. (1779) Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, Part 2

2K. E. Himma (2006) 'The Design Arguments for God' 1

Part 2: Epistemology

4

Knowledge

Notes

Slides

2Gettier, E. (1963) 'True, Justified Belief'

1Truncellito, D. (2007) 'Epistemology' (1, 2, 3)

Skepticism Notes Slides

4Descartes (1641) Meditations on First Philosophy (1 and 2)

3Justin Skirry (2008) 'Rene Descartes' 2, 3, 4

5

Plato's Forms

Notes

Slides

1Plato Republic Bk VII (514-518), 4Bk V (474-480)

2Janaway, C. (1995) 'The Presocratics and Plato'

Rationalism

Notes

Slides

3Baer, J. 'A Priori and A Posteriori' 1, 2, 3'

6

Aristotle's Causes Notes Slides

1Aristotle Posterior Analytics II, 19

2Robin Smith (2007) 'Aristotle's Logic' 6, 8

Empiricism

Notes

Slides

3Rocknack, S. 'WVO Quine: The Analytic-Synthetic Distinction'

4Macneal, C. (2016) 'John Stuart Mill' 2 - 3.2

Part 3: The Mind

7

Cartesian Dualism

Notes

Slides

3Descartes (1641) 'Meditation 6' from Meditations on First Philosophy

2Calef (2006) 'Dualism and Mind' (sections 3 and 7)

Behaviourism

Notes

Slides

4Extract from Gilbert Ryle (1949) The Concept of Mind

1Hauser (2005) 'Behaviorism' 1 b i, ii, ii; 2

8

Functionalism - Causal Role

Notes

Slides

1Polger, T.W. (2008) 'Functionalism'

2Searle, J. (1980) 'Minds, Brains, and Programs'

Functionalism - Computational Role

Notes

Slides

Part 4: Ethics

9

Ethical Relativism

Notes

Slides

3Boghossian, P. (2011) 'The Maze of Moral Relativism'
Ethical Egoism

Notes

Slides

4Hume, D. (1751) An Enquiry Concerning Morals, App II
Virtue Ethics Notes Slides

2Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics (Bk 1)

1Athanassoulis (2006) 'Virtue Ethics'

10

Utilitarianism

Notes

Slides

4Mill, J. S. (1863) Utilitarianism ch. 2 (too long)

1Heydt, C. (2006) 'Mill: An Overview' (section 2d)

Kantian Deontology Notes Slides

3Kant, I. (1785) Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals (Ch 1)

2Sayre-McCord, G. (2000) 'Kant's Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals'

Part 5: The Self

11

Personal Identity

Notes

Slides

3Hume, D. (1740) A Treatise of Human Nature, Book III, Appendix

2Korfmacher, C. (2006) 'Personal Identity' (sections 2a, c, d, and 3a)

Free Will

Notes

Slides

4Frankfurt, H. (1971) 'Free Will and the Concept of a Person'

1Kimpe, K. (2006) 'Free Will' (section 3)

12

Sartre on the Authentic Life

Notes

Slides

3Sartre, J.-P. (1946) 'Existentialism is a Humanism'
2Warnock, M. (1970) 'Jean-Paul Sartre (1)' from Existentialism
The Meaning of Life

Notes

Slides

1Nagel, T. (1970) 'The Absurd'

4Thaddeus Metz, (2007) 'The Meaning of Life'

 


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