Archive for the ‘Akkadian’ Category

Pronominal Suffixes

Monday, November 14th, 2016

Standard endings are:    M F S 1 -i/ya 2 -ka -ki 3 -šu -ša P 1 -ni 2 -kunu -kina 3 -šunu -šina Used on nouns and adjectives, which take special forms based on Status Rectus of nouns. Formation rules: Plural:                 noun-m+suff                        [ummanatum -> ummanatušu] Dual:                    noun-n+suff                         [uznan -> uznašu] Gen Sing.:          noun-m+suff                        [bitim     -> bitišu] Nom/Acc Sing: Find stem     ...

Status Constructus

Monday, November 14th, 2016

Used before noun in genitive and before verbal clause in subjunctive. Formation Rules: Plural: Remove -m and short vowel Dual: Remove -n Singular: Remove -m and short vowel -> noun stem vowel: v -> v/v+case vowel                     [kussi     -> kussi/kuss(û/â/î)] 1cons:                     ...

Strong Verbs in Akkadian

Friday, November 11th, 2016

A Strong Verb is one which has 3 active root letters. Each verb belongs to Vocalic Class determined by the Theme Vowel, here indicated by v/w, which is the vowel that precedes the final root in the G Present/G Preterite. It may be a/u, a/a, u/u, or i/i; yielding classes referred ...

Akkadian Verbal Affixes

Thursday, October 20th, 2016

    Nom Dat Acc Present Preterite Perfect Gx, Nx Dx, Šx   M F   M F   M F M F S 1 a- S 1 u- S 1 -m/am/nim -ni 2 ta- ta-í 2 tu- tu-í 3 i- 3 u- 2 -ku -ki -ka -ki P 1 ni- P 1 nu- 2 ta-á 2 tu-á 3 -šu -ši -šu -ši 3 i-ú i-á 3 u-ú u-á     M F P 1 -niáši/-náši -niáti/-náti Imperative S 2 Ø -í P 2 -á Stative S 1 -áku 2 -kunúši -kináši -kunúti -kináti   2 -átu -áti   3 Ø -at P 1 -ánu 3 -šunúši -šináši -šunúti -šináti   2 -átunu -átina   3 -ú -á