Pronominal Suffixes

November 14, 2016 – 10:14 am

Standard endings are: 

  M F
S 1 i/ya
2 -ka -ki
3 u -ša
P 1 -ni
2 -kunu -kina
3 -šunu -šina

Used on nouns and adjectives, which take special forms based on Status Rectus of nouns.

Formation rules:

  1. Plural:                 noun-m+suff                        [ummanatum -> ummanatušu]
  2. Dual:                    noun-n+suff                         [uznan -> uznašu]
  3. Gen Sing.:          noun-m+suff                        [bitim     -> bitišu]
  4. Nom/Acc Sing: Find stem

      Consider stem endings

  1. vowel: noun-m+suff                                           [rubûm(=rubaum) -> rubûšu]
  2. consonant
    1. Suff. is 1st sing.: stem+suff                     [bitum   -> biti]
    2. 1 cons.: stem+suff                                     [bitum   -> bitšu]
    3. double cons: stem+a+suff                       [lemuttum -> lemuttašu]
    4. 2 diff cons: find construct state

                        Consider construct endings

      1. 1 cons: construct+suffix                  [šiprum -> šipiršu]
      2. i: construct-i+a+suff              [napištum -> napištašu]

Case is obscured in 4.2.

Adjectives agree with suffixed nouns in case, gender, and number even where case is obscured

Suffixes may also attach to some prepositions.

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  1. One Response to “Pronominal Suffixes”

  2. Just about impossible to get the formatting right by cutting and pasting from Word. Perhaps I’ll do the direct html coding later, but perhaps not.

    By SteveGW on Nov 14, 2016

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